Affiliations: *Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control
** Food and Water – borne Disease Section, Bureau of Genneral Communicable Diseases, Department of Disease Control
*** Office of Disease Prevention and Control 4, Ratchaburi Province, Department of Disease Control
**** Samut Sakhon Provincial Health Office, Ministry of Public Health
*****WHO Salmonella and Shigella Center, National Institute of Health
Source: Journal of Health Science 2005; 14: 675-82
This crossectional study was carried out with the aims to define prevalence and factors associated with food-borne pathogens infection and diarrheal diseases among workers in fish ball factories, Samut Sakhon Province. The study was conducted during 1 November 2003 – 31 April 2004. Feces specimens were collected by rectal swab and cultured for food – borne pathogens. Data on factors associated with the infection were also collected. The overall prevalence of 4.5 (15/331) percent was reported. All of the infected workers were directly involved with fish ball processing and did not have any clinical manifestations of diarrheal disease. Salmonella spp. And Vibrio parahaemolyticus were identified in the specimens resulting in prevalence rates of 66.7 (10/15) and 33.3 (5/15) percent respectively. Major (71.4%) serovars of Salmonella spp. were similar to the 10 most common serovars reported in Thailand. Workers based in the Northeastern part, having diarrheal disease in family member in the previous week, consuming ready-to-eat food at home, consuming half cooked food, and no daily garbage collection service increased the risk of food-borne pathogens infections and diarrheal diseases. Low prevalence of food-borne pathogens infection and diarrheal diseases Low prevalence of food – borne pathogens infecton and diarrheal diseases was reported among workers who washed their hands before meal.