Affiliations: *Virus Research Institute, Department of Medical Sciences.
**Department of Medical Sciences.
Source: Journal of Health Science 1996; 5(3): 384-389
Language: Thai with English abstract
Human immunodeficiency syndromes (AIDS) and hepatitis B are major public health problems in Thailand today, especially AIDS is rapidly spreading from risk groups to general population by sexual behaviour. This study aims to determine prevalence of HIV-1 and hepatitis B infection among pregnant women attending the antenatal care clinic in Yodse hospital; a private hospital in Bangkok, during January 1993-June 1995. This study shows 2,423 pregnant women had anti HIV-1 0.6% and HBsAg positive 6%. The prevalence of HIV-1 infection by year was increased rapidly from 0.3% in 1993 to 0.7% and 1.3% in 1994 and 1995 respectively. But hepatitis B infection (HBsAg) was steady from 5.6% in 1993 to 6.5% and 6.0% in 1994 and 1995 respectively. Both infections were highest in group 20-29 years old. The study provides the base line data in middle class pregnant women who rather had good economic and education for planning to control the infection of these diseases.