สถาบันวิจัยวิทยาศาสตร์สาธารณสุข

National Institute of Health of Thailand

An HLA-Directed Molecular and Bioinformatics Approach Identifies New HLA-A11 HIV-1 Subtype E Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Epitopes in HIV-1-Infected Thais

Authors : Kyle B. Bond*, Busarawan Sriwanthana**, Thomas W. Hodge* , Anne S. De Groot***, Timothy D. Mastro*,****, Nancy L. Young*,**** , Nattawan Promadej*, John D. Altman*****, Khanchit Limpakarnjanarat****, Janet M. McNicholl*

 

Affiliations :   *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333
       **Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, 11000 Thailand
       ***TB/HIV Research Laboratory, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02912
       ****HIV/AIDS Collaboration, Nonthaburi, 11000 Thailand
       *****Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322
 
Source:              AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 2001; 17(8): 703-717
 
Language:          English
 
Abstract:        
 
Only limited cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope mapping has been done in nonsubtype B HIV-infected persons. We used molecular immunogenetic tools to determine HIV-specific CTL responses in HIV-1 Env subtype E-infected female sex workers (FSWs) from northern Thailand, where more than 50% of the population is HLA-A11 positive. EpiMatrix, a computer-based T cell epitope prediction algorithm, and a manual editing approach were used to predict 77 possible HLA-A11 CTL epitopes in HIV-1, some of which were conserved between subtypes B and E. MHC binding of these peptides was determined in an HLA-A11 stabilization assay, and binding peptides were tested for CTL recognition in eight HLA-A11-positive FSWs. Subtype E versions of known HLA-A2 subtype B HIV epitopes were also tested in four HLA-A2 positive FSWs. CTL responses were detected in all HLA-A11-positive and in three of four HLA-A2-positive persons. Among the 12 FSWs responses to peptides were found to Pol in 9 (75%), Env in 7 (58%), Nef in 5 (42%), and Gag in 5 (42%), and to conserved epitopes in 8 (67%). To identify HLA-A11 CTL epitopes in the absence of prediction tools, it would have been necessary to test almost 3000 10-mer peptides. EpiMatrix and manual predictions reduced this number to 77, of which 26 were MHC binding and 12 were CTL epitopes. Six of these HLA-A11 CTL epitopes have not been previously reported and are located in RT, gp120, and gp41. This report of CTL responses in subtype E-infected individuals defines epitopes that may be useful in HIV pathogenesis or vaccine studies.