Thailand Establishment of National Institute of Health, Thailand
"Healthiness for the people is the work motto in Public Health”
To achieve this, it would require the co-operation from various sectors such as the diagnosis, the surveillance, and the control and prevention. The Department of Medical Sciences, as the laboratories of the Ministry of Public Health, has the mission to confirm the causes and incidences of diseases that are public health problems.
The Establishment of the National Institute of Health Project was initiated in order to develop all areas of activities of the Department of Medical Sciences, including infectious and non-infectious diseases, and research activities in food, drug and toxicology with the support from the Japanese government.
Aiming at good health for the people, it was essential to promote the medical sciences and public health of Thailand. Research and development in science and technology was necessary for the institute to become the academic hub with efficient personnel, modern technology, infrastructure and equipment, serving as the National Reference Laboratories for Public Health.
In the past, the Department of Medical Sciences had collaborated with the Government of Japan in the Establishment of the Virus Research Institute Project (1963-1968) with the late Dr. Masami Kitaohga of the Japanese National Institute of Health (NIH), the Viral Infections Research Project (1969-1975) and the Experimental Rural Health Promotion Project in Chonburi and Chantaburi (1976-1984) with the late Dr. Konosuke Fukat, Professor of Osaka University during that time.
The Establishment of the National Institute of Health Project was initiated in 1979, when Dr. Wimol Notanond as the Director-General of the Department of Medical Sciences, and continued till Dr. Manaswee Unhanand was the Director-General (1979-1982). However, the proposed Project was not supported. In 1983, Dr. Nadhirai Sangkawibha, who was the Director-General at that time asked Prof. Dr. Saem Pringpuangkawe, the Minister of Public Health to request General Prem Tinnasulanon, the Prime Minister, to make a special request to the Prime Minister of Japan for support. The Japanese Government donated 4,000 million yen, which was equivalent to 400 million baht, to the Establishment of the National Institute of Health Project in two payments, through the signing of two Memorandums of Agreement at the Department of Technical and Economic Co-operation (DTEC) on the 8th June 1984 and the 10th July 1984 consecutively.
On the 11th April 1985, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn graciously laid the foundation stone of the National Institute of Health, Department of Medical Sciences. The construction period was twenty-two months. After the completion in October 1986, some Divisions moved in from Yodse, Bangkok namely, the Virus Research Institute, the Medical Entomology Division and parts of the Medical Research Division, the Clinical Pathology Division, the Food Analysis Division, the Drug Analysis Division and the Toxicology Division. These units started work at the NIH on the 10th November 1986.
On the 21st April 1987, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhom, as the Royal Representative of His Majesty the King, graciously presided over the Opening Ceremony of the National Institute of Health in Nonthaburi